The path to Canadian citizenship begins with permanent resident status. Fortunately, the Canadian government has developed the fastest immigration path to permanent residence ever seen.
To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must:
- be a permanent resident
- have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years
- have filed your taxes (if applicable)
- pass a test on your rights, responsibilities and knowledge of Canada
- prove your language skills
Whether you have to take the test or go to the interview depends on your age and application. Adult between the age of 18-54 need to take the test. The test is in English or French and is 30minutes long with 20 questions. You need to get 15 correct answers to pass the test.
If you do not pass your first written test, they will schedule you for a second test. The second test usually takes place 4 to 8 weeks after the first test, but it may be longer.
After pass the test and meet all other requirements you will be invited to citizenship ceremony and need to take the Oath of Citizenship. Adults and children aged 14 or over must go to the citizenship ceremony and take the oath.
Changes that came into effect on October 11, 2017
Outlined below are measures contained in the new act that came into effect on October 11, 2017.
- Applicants had to be physically present in Canada for four out of six years before applying for citizenship.
- Applicants had to file Canadian income taxes, if required to do so under the Income Tax Act, for four out of six years, matching the physical presence requirement.
- Applicants had to be physically present in Canada for 183 days in four out of the six years preceding their application.
- Time spent in Canada prior to becoming a permanent resident did not count towards the physical presence requirement for citizenship.
- Applicants between 14 and 64 years had to meet the language and knowledge requirements for citizenship.
- Applicants must be physically present in Canada for three out of five years before applying for citizenship
- Applicants must file Canadian income taxes, if required to do so under the Income Tax Act, for three out of five years, matching the new physical presence requirement
- This provision is repealed. Applicants no longer have to meet this requirement.
- Applicants may count each day they were physically present in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person before becoming a permanent resident as a half-day toward meeting the physical presence requirement for citizenship, up to a maximum credit of 365 days.
- Applicants between 18 and 54 years must meet the language and knowledge requirements for citizenship